Role of Religious Leaders in Mobilizing Communities to Counter Violent Extremism

A Case Study of Dir Valley of Pakistan

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.35994/rhr.v7i1.174

Keywords:

Religious Leaders, Violent Extremism, Community Resilience, Dir, Pakistan

Abstract

Swat and Dir valleys in Pakistan have seen the brunt of post 9/11 violent extremism in the recent past. Because this extremism was generated and exploited by a few religiously motivated violent organizations, a popular perception emerged that all religious leaders of the society were involved in terrorism. Therefore, this research focuses on the role played by those religious leaders who involved themselves in mobilizing local communities against violent extremism. Employing a mixed-method research approach and sequential analysis strategy our data shows that most of the common local religious leaders played positive role in building community resilience to countering violent extremism during the early phase of the War on Terrorism in these two valleys.

Author Biographies

Shakeel Ahmed, University of Peshawar

Dr. Shakeel Ahmed is Assistant Professor at the Department of Social Work, University of Peshawar. He
has published on topics such as disability, social welfare, community resilience, honour killing, and
human rights. He is also serving as the Director Community Services Program at the University of
Peshawar. He can be accessed at shakeel@uop.edu.pk

Imran A. Sajid, University of Peshawar

Dr. Imran A. Sajid is Lecturer at the Department of Social Work, University of Peshawar. He has
published on many topics including religion, peace, violence, human rights, child rights, criminal justice,
and criminology. Previously, he also served at the Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies, University of
Peshawar.

Syed Irfan Ashraf, University of Peshawar

Dr. Syed Irfan Ashraf is Assistant Professor at the Department of Journalism and Mass Communication,
University of Peshawar. He has published on topics violence in Swat valley, war journalism, conflict
reporting, militancy etc.

Published

2021-07-01

How to Cite

Ahmed, S., Sajid, I. A., & Ashraf, S. I. (2021). Role of Religious Leaders in Mobilizing Communities to Counter Violent Extremism: A Case Study of Dir Valley of Pakistan. Review of Human Rights, 7(1), 28-47. https://doi.org/10.35994/rhr.v7i1.174
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