Incorporation of Universal Human Rights’ Norms in Municipal Law

An Analytical Study of Saudi Arabia, Iran, and India

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.35994/rhr.v6i1.161

Keywords:

Human rights norms

Abstract

The incorporation of universal human rights’ norms in public municipal law has often been a challenge for both Islamic and secular states. Employing an analytical method this article explores the main legal challenges to the incorporation of universal human rights norms into municipal laws in three states--Saudi Arabia and Iran, the two Islamic states, and India, the secular state. It is argued that despite their differences in the larger legal framework they follow a peculiar dualistic system to incorporate the human rights norms, which results in its application challenges.

Author Biographies

Dr. Moosa Akefi Ghaziani, Payame Noor University

Moosa Akefi Ghaziani is an Assistant Professor of law at Payam-e-Noor University of Alborz, Iran. He holds a Ph.D. in International law from the University of Mysore, India, and has deep knowledge of Islamic jurisprudence and law. He has a long experience of teaching in various Iranian and foreign universities and several published books and articles on human rights, in English, Arabic, and Persian. His main areas of interest are Human Rights, Islamic law, Jurisprudence and Philosophy of law.  

Mohammad Akefi Ghaziani, University of Qom

Muhammad A. Ghaziani is a PhD student in International Law at the Department of International Law, Faculty of Law, University of Qom, Iran.

Published

2021-04-01

How to Cite

Akefi Ghaziani, M., & Akefi Ghaziani, M. (2021). Incorporation of Universal Human Rights’ Norms in Municipal Law: An Analytical Study of Saudi Arabia, Iran, and India. Review of Human Rights, 6(1), 98-118. https://doi.org/10.35994/rhr.v6i1.161
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