Women's Rights and Democratic Transitions

A Comparative Study of Democratic Transitions in Pakistan, Chile and South Africa





women Rights, Democratic Transitions, Pakistan, Chile, South Africa, Gendered Outcomes, Collective Action


Democratization provides women an opportunity to represent their interests/issues effectively. Institutional change of democratic transition proves women's movement's best chance to push for gender-sensitive policy outcomes. This case study critically examines three selected democratic transitions' workings and assesses the cross-cases variation in women's gendered outcomes (South Africa, Chile, and Pakistan). The research questions state as "how and why did women's movements perform differently in achieving gendered policy outcomes in the democratic transitions?” Engaging comparative framework and the qualitative approach, the study shows that the socio-political context, historical legacies, and party alliances have played vital role in varying gendered outcomes.

Author Biography

Abida Bano, University of Peshawar, Pakistan

Abida Bano has a Ph.D. in Political Science, which she earned as a Fulbright scholar in 2017. She has attended the Institute of Qualitative and Mixed Methods Research – IQMR at Syracuse University, NY. Currently, she teaches at the Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies, University of Peshawar, Pakistan. Previously, she worked as a regular faculty member at the Department of Gender Studies, University of Peshawar. Her research interests are women and politics; political institutions (formal and informal); democratization; civil society and women’s movement; women and peacebuilding; and research methods. She teaches courses on War on Terror, Liberal Perspectives on Peacebuilding, Indigenous Processes of Peacebuilding, Fieldwork in Conflict Zones, and Qualitative Data Analysis. She has published in national and international journals. Currently, she is working on a chapter on ‘Hegemonic Research Practices: Researchers’ Challenges in Pakistan.’



How to Cite

Bano, A. (2021). Women’s Rights and Democratic Transitions: A Comparative Study of Democratic Transitions in Pakistan, Chile and South Africa. Review of Human Rights, 7(1), 1-26. https://doi.org/10.35994/rhr.v7i1.164
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